According to Timotheu A.Bodt’s book “The new lamp Clarifying the History, Peoples’ Languages And Traditions of Eastern Bhutan and Eastern Mon” In the late 19th century the Kanam Depa introduced taxation in Pemakoe in exchanged for protection from Lopa attacks .The taxes were collected in kind,as rice , cotton, cloth, money,butter and pelts but also as compulsory labour service to transport and guide all travelers authorized by the government. Ironically, after having fled oppression and taxation in their homeland, the Tsangla were now faced a similar situation.As resources in the area were scare ,agricultural practices poor,internal strife rampant and the area isolated and difficult to access, the practice of marauding and stealing became widespread.Therefore, the Kanam Depa appointed Dzongpons in lower Pemakoe to collect tax and enforce the law.The first dzongpon was a Tsangla from Ngatsang clan called Nono la.During his rule from [1881-1883] the Lopa tribes revolted and led by the leader of herdsmen Droma Wangdii they defeated Nono la who committed suicide whilst waiting settlement of the dispute in captivity.After that, the return tax for lopa was limited to axes and wool.Execpt for two, all the 12 dzongpons that were appointed by the Kanam Depa between 1884-1916 were local Tsangla .The Pemakoe area was divided in upper and lower Pemakoe,the “Polung ma bu drug “ and Lower Pemakoe or [Mon Tso Khag Nga] five divisions of Mon; Namely, Tambu Tso, Hora Tso,Bipung Tso,Sakar Tso, Tangam Tso.
Wednesday, August 28, 2013
August 28, 2013 4:03 pm DHARAMSHALA: His Holiness the Dalai Lama today spoke from his residence in Dharamsala, India, about his hope and dream in honour of the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech. In a video message, His Holiness the Dalai Lama said: “I always have one dream that within this century the world truly becomes a real happy human family. In order to achieve that we need to have a sense of oneness of human family. I think through education and more realistic and holistic thinking, I have confidence that we can develop a sense of oneness of humanity. Then the very basis of violence and war will no long longer be there and this century will become a century of peace and non-violence
Wednesday, July 10, 2013
July 7, 2013 9:50 pm Dharamsala: Terming the series of blasts at Mahabodhi temple complex in Bihar as “unfortunate”, Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama today said “few individuals” could be behind the attack. “The incident is really unfortunate,” he said, adding that few individuals could be responsible for the attack. The Tibetan government-in-exile said it was deeply saddened over the blasts. “I am deeply saddened to learn about the series of bomb blasts at Mahabodhi temple. My prayers for the injured and their family members,” Prime Minister of the government-in-exile Lobsang Sangay said in a statement. Eight low-intensity blasts took place early in the morning in quick succession at the 1,500-year-old Mahabodhi temple, annually visited by millions of pilgrims from all over the world. Two monks were injured in the attack.
ཟླ་འདིའི་ཚེས་༧ ཉིན་རྡོ་རྗེ་གདན་དུ་འབར་རྫས་ཐེངས་༨ འཐོར་བའི་དོན་རྐྱེན་དེ་བྱུང་རྗེས་༧གོང་ས་མཆོག་དང་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཀརྨ་པ། རྒྱ་གར་གྱི་སྲིད་འཛིན་དང་སྲིད་བློན། དེ་བཞིན་སྲིད་སྐྱོང་བློ་བཟང་སེང་གེ་སོགས་ཀྱིས་ད་རེས་ཀྱི་གནད་དོན་དེར་བློ་ཕམ་ཡོད་སྐོར་གྱི་གསུང་འཕྲིན་གནང་ཡོད་པ་རེད། དེ་ཡང་རྒྱ་གར་གྱི་བརྒྱུད་ལམ་ཁག་ཏུ་གནས་ཚུལ་ཐོན་གསལ་ལྟར་ན། ཟླ་འདིའི་ཕྱི་ཚེས་༧ ཉིན་གྱི་ཞོགས་པའི་ཆུ་ཚོད་༥ དང་སྐར་མ་ ༡༥ ཡས་མས་སུ། རྒྱ་གར་བྷི་ཧར་མངའ་སྡེའི་ནང་ཡོད་པའི་ནང་པའི་གནས་ཆེན་རྡོ་རྗེ་གདན་གྱི་མཆོད་རྟེན་ཆེན་མོའི་ར་བའི་ནང་གི་བྱང་ཆུབ་ཤིང་གི་ཉེ་འཁྲིས་སུ་འབར་རྫས་གཅིག་འཐོར་ཡོད་པ་དང་། དེ་ནས་རིང་པོ་མ་འགོར་བར་མཆོད་རྟེན་དང་ཐག་མི་རིང་བའི་སར་ཡོད་པའི་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཀརྨ་པའི་བཞུགས་གནས་གཏེར་སྒར་དགོན་པ་དང་། ཉི་ཧོང་གི་སྟོན་པའི་སྐུ་བརྙན་གྱི་ཉེ་འགྲམ་སོགས་སུ་འབར་རྫས་ཐེངས་༧ འཐོར་ཡོད་པ་ལས། དགེ་འདུན་པ་གཉིས་ལ་རྨས་སྐྱོན་ཚབས་ཆེན་ཕོག་རྗེས་ཛ་དྲག་ཐོག་སྨན་ཁང་དུ་སྨན་བཅོས་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་པ་རེད། འོན་ཀྱང་རྩ་བས་འབར་རྫས་དེ་དག་དེ་ཙམ་གྱིས་ཆེན་པོ་མིན་པར་བརྟེན། འབར་རྫས་འཇོག་ཡུལ་གྱི་ཁང་པ་སོགས་ཀྱི་སྒོ་དང་སྒེའུ་ཁུང་གི་ཤེལ་སྒོ་སོགས་བཅགས་པ་ཙམ་ལས། གཞན་མཆོད་རྟེན་དང་། སྟོན་པའི་སྐུ་བརྙན། ལྷ་ཁང་སོགས་ལ་གཏོར་རྒོལ་ཆེན་པོ་བྱུང་མེད་པ་རེད། དོན་རྐྱེན་དེ་བྱུང་རྗེས་བྷི་ཧར་མངའ་སྡེའི་བློན་ཆེན་(Nitish Kumar) ས་གནས་སུ་གཟིགས་སྐོར་དུ་ཕེབས་ཡོད་པ་མ་ཟད། མངའ་སྡེ་དང་དབུས་གསང་པའི་མི་སྣས་ཐེངས་འདིའི་གནད་དོན་ཐད་རྩད་གཅོད་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་ན་ཡང་། ད་དུང་དྲག་སྤྱོད་པ་སུ་ཡིན་དང་རྒྱུ་མཚན་གང་གིས་འབར་རྫས་ཀྱི་དོན་རྐྱེན་བསླངས་ཡོད་མེད་ཀྱི་གནས་ཚུལ་ཁ་གསལ་ཆགས་ཐུབ་མེད་པ་རེད། ཡིན་ན་ཡང་གནས་ཚུལ་དེའི་ཐད་བྷི་ཧར་མངའ་སྡེའི་ཉེན་རྟོག་འགོ་ཁྲིད་ཞིག་གིས་ཧྥ་རན་སིའི་གསར་འགྱུར་ལས་ཁང་ཞིག་ཏུ། རྡོ་རྗེ་གདན་གྱི་མཆོད་རྟེན་འགྲམ་དུ་ནུས་པ་ཆུང་བའི་འབར་རྫས་འགའ་ཤས་ཤིག་གས་གཏོར་བྱུང་ཡོད་སྐོར་དང་། ཁོང་གིས་དེ་ནི་བར་ལམ་འབར་མར་ནང་པ་དང་ཁ་ཆེའི་མི་རིགས་དབར་ལ་འཁྲུག་འཛིང་བྱུང་སྟེ་དགོན་པ་གཏོར་རེས་དང་མི་གསོད་རེས་བྱས་པའི་འཁོན་ལན་དུ། ཁ་ཆེའི་དྲག་སྤྱོད་པས་འཛམ་གླིང་གི་ནང་པའི་གནས་མཆོག་རྡོ་རྗེ་གདན་དུ་འབར་རྫས་ཀྱི་དོན་རྐྱེན་བསླངས་པ་ཞིག་ཡིན་སྲིད་སྐོར་འགྲེལ་བརྗོད་བྱས་འདུག དེ་བཞིན་ཟླ་འདིའི་ཕྱི་ཚེས་༩ ཉིན་རྒྱ་གར་གྱི་བརྒྱུད་ལམ་firstpost.com ཞེས་པར་ས་གནས་ཉེན་རྟོག་པས་གནས་ཚུལ་འགྲེལ་བརྗོིད་བྱས་པ་ལྟར་ན། བྷི་ཧར་གྷ་ཡ་ས་གནས་ཀྱི་Barachatti ཟེར་བ་ནས་ཡིན་པའི་Vinod Mishtri ཟེར་བ་ཞིག་གི་ངོ་རྟགས་འཛིན་བྱང་འབར་རྫས་གཏོར་ཡུལ་ནས་ཉེན་རྟོག་པས་རྙེད་ཡོད་པརབརྟེན། ཁོང་ད་ལྟ་དོགས་གཞིའི་འོག་བཀག་ཉར་གྱིས་འདྲི་རྩད་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་འདུག་ལ། གཞན་ཡང་མཆོད་རྟེན་ལ་ལྟ་རྟོག་བྱེད་མཁན་གྱི་ཚོགས་པ་Mahabodhi Temple management Committee ཞེས་པའི་ནང་ལས་ཀ་བྱེད་མཁན་བུད་མེད་ཅིག་ཚུད་པའི་མི་༦ འབར་རྫས་ཀྱི་དོན་རྐྱེན་བྱུང་རྗེས་གློ་བུར་དུ་བརླགས་ཡོད་པར་བརྟེན། ད་ལྟའི་ཆར་ཁོང་ཚོར་ཡང་དོགས་པ་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་སྐོར་འགྲེལ་བརྗོད་བྱས་འདུག ད་རེས་ཀྱི་གནད་དོན་དེ་བྱུང་རྗེས་༧གོང་ས་མཆོག་དང་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཀརྨ་པ། རྒྱ་གར་གྱི་སྲིད་འཛིན་དང་སྲིད་བློན། དེ་བཞིན་སྲིད་སྐྱོང་བློ་བཟང་སེང་གེ་སོགས་ཀྱིས་གནད་དོན་དེར་བློ་ཕམ་ཡོད་སྐོར་གྱི་གསུང་འཕྲིན་གནང་སྟེ། མ་འོངས་པར་ཆོས་ལུགས་ཚང་མས་ཕན་ཚུན་ལ་གུས་བཀུར་དང་བརྩི་འཇོག་བྱེད་དགོས་པ་གལ་ཆེན་པོ་ཡིན་སྐོར་གསུང་ཡོད་པ་དང་། རྒྱ་གར་གྱི་སྲིད་བློན་མན་མོ་ཧན་སེན་གྱིས་ “ཆོས་ལུགས་ཀྱི་གནས་ཆེན་འདི་ལྟ་བུ་ཞིག་ལ་གཏོར་རྒོལ་བྱས་པ་ནི་བཟོད་ཐབས་མེད་པ་དང་། གཏོར་རྒོལ་དང་འབྲེལ་བའི་དྲག་སྤྱོད་པ་རྒྱ་ཡན་དུ་གཏོང་ཐབས་མེད་”ཅེས་བརྗོད་ཡོད་འདུག
Saturday, December 22, 2012
DONATE. All of us dream of greatness for our children – for the opportunity for them to become doctors, scholars, artists. But for many families, those dreams and opportunities may never be realized. Donate to Project Tibet Society and make a difference today That’s particularly true for thousands of Tibetan children who live in Arunachal Pradesh, a remote province in northeastern India. While India generously gave their parents and grandparents sanctuary when they fled their homeland in Chinese-occupied Tibet, the reality for these children is they may never have the chance to realize their potential and to experience what so many of us in Canada take for granted: the very best for themselves. That’s because the reality is, the inaccessibility of the refugee settlements makes even providing education close to home impossible. Instead, these children must attend boarding schools many days’ journey from their families, with visits home – to their refugee settlement – every 3 to 5 years at most. Just the cost of education, in other words, is family separation. A chance for a new beginning in Canada for Tibetan families. At the request of His Holiness the Dalai Lama in 2007, the Canadian government agreed to facilitate the immigration of 1,000 displaced Tibetans living in Arunachal Pradesh over a five-year period starting in 2013. To oversee this wonderful opportunity and help welcome our new neighbours to their new homes, the Canada Tibet Committee incorporated Project Tibet Society (PTS). Here’s how you can help. While the Canadian government as well as PTS Sponsors are providing much in the way of support and resources, Project Tibet Society must still depend on your financial generosity to make this dream a reality. From language and job training to basic needs associated with resettling our newest Canadians, we need your help so that these families can start their new lives and achieve greatness for their children in Canada. That’s why we ask and urge you to become a friend or patron and donate to Project Tibet Society today. To learn more about how you can help resettle these Tibetan families, please contact Project Tibet Society at 778.440.4683 or email email@example.com Your gift today will help support: 1. The overall coordination of the resettlement effort across Canada 2. Introductory program to Canada for new arrivals – before they leave India 3. Pre-arrival résumé preparation and introductory job skills training 4. English language training 5. Health and dental care Project Tibet Society is funded entirely through private donations and special events. Donations may be made by mail by printing the downloadable form here or you may use the online credit card option. You can also support Project Tibet Society through an automatic monthly donation. To learn more about this option, please contact Project Tibet Society at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 778.440.4683. Please note that Project Tibet Society is not a charity and can not issue receipts for tax purposes.
Saturday, December 15, 2012
སྤྱིར་ཚོང་གི་གོ་དོན་ནི་གཏིང་ཟབ་ཅིང་འགྲེལ་བརྗོད་མང་དག་ཅིག་ཡོད་ཀྱང་། ཚོང་ལས་ནི་རང་ཉིད་སུ་འདྲ་ཞིག་ཡིན་རུང་འབྲལ་ཐབས་མེད་པའི་འཚོ་བའི་གནས་ཤིག་ཏུ་གྱུར་ཡོད། ཆེ་ས་ནས་བཤད་ན། རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ཕན་ཚུན་དབར་འབྲེལ་ལམ་དང་ཡར་རྒྱས་སོགས་ཚོང་གི་བརྒྱུད་ནས་ཡོང་གི་ཡོད་པ་དང་། ཆུང་ས་ནས་བཤད་ན། ཐ་ན་མི་ཉམ་ཆུང་གི་ཉིན་རེ་འཚོ་བའི་ནང་དུའང་འབྲེལ་བ་ཆགས་ཡོད། ཚོང་ནི་མིའི་མི་ཚེའི་ནང་གི་འཕྲལ་ཕུག་གི་རོགས་བསྐྱོར་བ་ཡང་གྱུར་ཡོད་ལ། ཚོང་ལས་སློབ་སྦྱོང་གནང་རྒྱུ་ནི་མི་ཚེའི་ཆ་ཤས་ཤིག་ཀྱང་ཆགས་ཡོད། ད་རེ་ངས་མུམ་སྦེ་དུ་ཚོང་གི་ཟབ་སྦྱོང་སྐབས་ཀྱི་མཉམ་སྣང་དང་འཚོར་སྣང་ཇི་བྱུང་དོ་ཙམ་ཞུ་ན་སྙམས་བྱུང་། ཨ་རི་གཞུང་གི་མཐུན་འགྱུར་འོག་རང་གཞུང་དཔལ་འབྱོར་ལས་ཁུངས་དང་ཀྲེག་ནོ་སྲབ་གཉིས་ཀྱི་ཚོང་གསར་འགོ་འཛུགས་འཆར་འགོད་འགྲན་བསྡུར་དང་ཆབས་ཅིག་ཚོང་ལས་རིག་པའི་ཟབ་སྦྱོང་ཞིག་ལྷོ་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་མངའ་སྡེའི་གྲོང་ཁྱེར་མོམ་སྦེ་ནང་ཡོད་པའི་ SP.Jain Institution of Management & Research, Mumbai ལ་ཕྱི་ལོ་༢༠༡༢ ཟླ་བ་ ༩ ཚེས་ ༡༠་ནས་ཚེས་༡༦་བར་ཉིན་བདུན་གྱི་རིང་ཚོགས་ཡོད། དེ་ཡང་དམིགས་ཡུལ་གཙོ་བོ་ནི་གཞིས་ཆགས་ཁག་ནང་ཚོང་ལས་སྲ་བརྟན་ཚགས་ཚུད་ཡོང་ཐབས་སུ་ཡིན་པ་རེད། གཞིས་ཆགས་ནང་ཟབ་སྦྱོང་གང་འདྲ་ཅིག་ཚུགས་ཀྱང་ཕན་མེད་དང་ནུས་མེད། དུས་ཚད་དང་འགྲོ་གྲོན་སོགས་འཕྲོ་བརླག་རེད་བརྗོད་མཁན་མང་དག་ཅིག་ཡོད་ཅིང་། མི་འགྲིག་པ་བརྗོད་མཁན་རྣམས་ནི་རང་ཉིད་འགན་མེད་པ་མ་ཟད་ཕུག་རྒྱང་དང་སྤྱི་ཚོགས་ཡར་རྒྱས་ཀྱི་ཕྱོགས་སུ་བསྐྱོད་སྒོའི་འགོག་རྐྱེན་བཟོ་བཞིན་ཡོད། ང་རང་ཚོའི་སྤྱི་ཚོགས་ནང་ཟབ་སྦྱོང་ནི་ཆེས་རྗེས་ལུས་ཅན་དུ་གྱུར་ཡོད། དེང་སྐབས་ཡར་ཐོན་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ཚོའི་དུས་དུས་སུ་ཟབ་སྦྱོང་སྤྲོད་རྒྱུ་གལ་འགངས་ཆེན་པོ་བརྩི་བཞིན་ཡོད། ཚོང་ལས་སྐབས་སུ་ཁོང་ཁྲོ་ལ་སོགས་མི་ཡོང་བའི་བཟོད་སྲན་གང་ཐུབ་བྱ་དགོས་པ་དང་། ། དེ་བཞིན་དངོས་ཟོག་ཚོང་འགྲེམ་དང་ཚོང་གསར་འགོ་འཛུགས་བྱ་སྐབས་གདོང་ལེན་དང་དཀའ་ངལ་སེལ་ཐབས། མིའི་ནུས་པ་འདོན་སྤེལ། གྲོས་མོལ་གནང་སྟངས། ཚོང་གི་གོ་རྟོགས་དང་་གཞན་ཡང་དཔལ་འབྱོར་མཁོ་བསྒྲུབ་བྱ་ཕྱོགས་དང་ཚོང་ལས་འཛུགས་སྐྲུན་སྐབས་ཁྲིམས་ཀྱི་གདོང་ལེན་དང་ཚོང་གི་དམིགས་ཡུལ་སོོགས་ལ་ལེགས་པར་དཔྱད་མཐར་ལག་ལེན་དུ་འཁེལ་བའི་འཆར་གཞི་ཇི་མ་ཇི་བཞིན་བསྒྲིག་དེ་ལག་བསྟར་ཐུབ་ཚེ་ཚོང་ལས་ལམ་ལྷོང་ཅན་དུ་འགྱུར་སྲིད།། པད་བཀོད་ཚེ་དབང་རྡོ་རྗེས།
Saturday, December 1, 2012
By Jamyang Norbu (Writer) In my last post I mentioned an instance of how Communist China was flexing its economic muscle to disseminate its propaganda in the USA, essentially through paying for pages of the China Daily to be inserted within the august recesses of America’s newspaper of record, the New York Times. One reader emailed me that the same thing was happening at the Washington Post. I tossed my special edition DVD of All The President’s Men into the wastepaper basket. And China’s propaganda push now extends even to Hollywood. The Los Angeles Times spelled it out in a couple of articles: “Is China Exerting an Undue Influence on Hollywood Films?” and “Hollywood Gripped by Pressure System From China”. The two pieces discuss a number of recent films: Salmon Fishing in the Yemen, Battleship, Iron Man 3, Red Dawn, Men in Black 3, and the disaster film 2012, where Chinese pre-censorship in Hollywood has used its economic clout to ensure that “…a generation of Western film-goers will basically get only a positive, sanitized view of the Chinese in their films.” On these many alterations that Hollywood producers and studio executives have submitted to, University of Southern California professor Stanley Rosen, who runs the school’s East Asian Studies center, told LA Times : “I don’t think the average U.S. film-goer is hugely aware of all of these small decisions, but subliminally, it can start to have an effect.” It was Rosen’s reference to the “subliminal” that made this “soft power” outreach by Beijing, as the pro-China media in the West like to describe such things, take on a Cold War ambience along the more unsettling lines of thought-control, brain-washing, or putting it more precisely “economic brain washing” (经济洗腦 jīngjì xǐ năo), if we are not to lose sight of the essential “conditioning stimuli” as Pavlov once termed it. This is a painful reversal for Tibetans since those heady days of Seven Years in Tibet, Kundun and Hollywood’s big (and brief) romance with the Dalai Lama and Tibet. Because of its dramatic landscapes and unique mythic qualities, Tibet does still make the occasional cut in some films, but as Batman Begins and 2012 have demonstrated this can now be effectively done by making sure the name “Tibet” never comes up, by not allowing a hint of the fact that the area in question was till recently not a part of China, and by ensuring that only Chinese actors portray Tibetans. Now besides Hollywood, the New York Times and the Washington Post, another media institution in the US, smaller and less well-known, but enormously important to the Tibetan people and their struggle for freedom, appears to have been targeted by Beijing for an ideological makeover. The Tibetan Language Section of Radio Free Asia (RFA) has been the most effective source of news and information for people throughout occupied Tibet, not only about the world at large, but more so about the crucial happenings and events within their own country, of which they are largely kept ignorant by the state security apparatus and propaganda organs. To the Tibetan common man such RFA reports of mass demonstrations in Lhasa, Kirti, Rebkong and Tsolho, arrests of important lamas or dissidents, violent public clashes with Chinese mining companies in Kham, the long series of self-immolations (now eighty to date) presented in a balanced, objective and professional manner stand in sharp contrast to the shrill denunciations and disinformation of Radio Lhasa, Xizang Lhasa TV, Ganze and Qinghai People’s Radio (and TV) etc., read by newscasters in exaggerated Chinese accented Tibetan, which the public (especially in rural areas) have difficulty understanding but which as a policy has been calculatedly enforced, possibly for the ultimate purpose of sinicizing the Tibetan language itself. RFA reports on the talks, teachings and travels of the the Dalai Lama are enormously appreciated in Tibet, as are all the the goings on (both positive and negative) within the exile administration and the diaspora in general, especially news of Tibetan led protests and activism in New York, London, and Delhi, which a caller from Lhasa (on a RFA call-in program) said gave common people like him in Tibet hope and made them feel less isolated in their despair and subjugation. The Chinese have expended enormous effort and resources to jam RFA broadcast into Tibet. Because of the size and topography of the Tibetan plateau, China’s jamming effort are not uniformly effective, so the occupation authorities in Tibet have made listening to RFA Tibetan service a criminal offense, in the same way as listening to the BBC was in Nazi occupied Europe. Since Chinese mobile monitoring systems and also human informers operate extensively in populated ares, I have been told of nomads and shepherds sneaking transistor radios in their packs when taking their flocks to the mountain pastures. Not only would the reception be clearer in the higher altitudes, but there would be no policemen or informers checking on them. When the shepherds returned to their village they would pass on what they had heard to their family members and others in the village they could trust. RFA came to being following the Tienanmen massacre when public support in the US grew for services that could provide information to people living under repressive regimes in Asia. In 1994 Congress passed the International Broadcasting Act and created RFA (in 1996) as a private, not profit corporation. It is funded by an annual federal grant from the government, but the far-reaching and momentous aspect of the program was that RFA was not required to broadcast information provided by the American government. Only 20% of RFA broadcast content is required to be American. 80% is developed independently by each language service, which are run by people from that very linguistic group, having broad editorial independence. One explanation I received about RFA’s mandate from a senior American official, was that it was created to provide “surrogate” radio services for the people who did not have their own free national radio services. And that the mandate for the head of the services, broadcasters and journalists, was essentially to provide those nations and communities with their own independent and up-to-date radio services, paid for by the people of America. This was an enormous windfall for the Tibetan cause. But the initial elation was quickly deflated when it was learned that the head of the Tibetan language service was to be Jigme Ngabo, the son of Ngabo Ngawang Jigme, the only minister in the entire Tibetan cabinet, the kashag in 1959, who had collaborated with the Chinese Communist occupation authority. RFA Tibetan language section chief, Jigme Ngabo I must admit that I shared everyone’s concerns, but over time Jigme Ngabo fils proved to be the ideal man for this critical position. Because of his education (and work) in Tibet and China and his later studies at the University of Virginia he was not only fluent in all three languages but had access to many institutions and individuals in these areas and was able to get RFA access to much information and news sources that other services could not. He managed to induce such well-known Tibetans writers and intellectuals in Tibet and China as the award-winning poet and blogger Tsering Woeser to be a regular contributor to RFA programs. The Dalai Lama wholeheartedly supported his appointment. Since he was also completely apolitical in the context of exile politics, and as he was genuinely inoffensive and soft-spoken, he initially managed to survive the treacherous currents of Tibetan politics. The overriding virtue that Jigme brought to the job – probably since he came from a world completely devoid of it, was, and I am extrapolating here, the idea of objective truth transcending whatever the powers that be (even those on your own side) had to say about it. Jigme made sure that his task was not merely to combat China’s propaganda machine but to present, through the service, as wide a spectrum of opinions and views that existed in the Tibetan world, which most other Tibet related media outlets did not do. I had for a long time been persona non grata in the official Tibetan world (including foreign organizations and personalities connected with it) essentially for my political writings in the Tibetan Review and Phayul.com, and also for some plays I had written and produced at the Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts. I had also been one of the editors of the largest independent Tibetan language newspaper, Mangtso (Democracy) that had been enormously successful, in quite an unprecedented way with the Tibetan exile public, but which had displeased some Tibetan leaders and politicians in Dharamshala. In 2001 the paper was finally pressured to close when his Holiness publicly expressed his displeasure with its reporting. So it came as quite a surprise to me when a couple of years later, if I remember correctly, I was asked to be a consultant for RFA. I contributed to a variety of programs but mostly spoke on their Sunday Political Talk Show, hosted by veteran journalist Karma Zurkhang, a former member of the exile parliament and an old Dharamshala hand. There was no attempt by Jigme or any of his staff to censor me or induce me to tone down or change anything I said. Which was another surprise. Of course I did not have carte blanche in these discussions as Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) officials, retired and serving, and other experts came on the panel and often challenged my views. Tibetan listeners also phoned in from Nepal, India, and the West with their comments and criticisms. People also phoned in from Tibet and China proper especially around 2008, and were outspokenly supportive of the protests and demonstrations by exile activists. These were real debates on policy that probably did not happen in any other forum in the Tibetan world. I was grateful for this gig. There wasn’t much money in it, but it gave me an opportunity to be heard inside Tibet and to let people there know that someone in exile was consistently articulating and propagating the cause of Tibetan independence, which the CTA had long abandoned. I should mention that my participation in the programs were entirely by phone. I only briefly visited the RFA office in Washington DC years later, when I was presented a souvenir mug by Jigme Ngabo. Then invariably, complaints began circulating from Dharamshala about the political correctness of those speaking on RFA programs. About eight years ago two important CTA officials paid a formal visit to the RFA office and gave a talk to Jigme and the Tibetan staff. The two VIP’s deplored RFA’s policy of allowing people on its programs who were opposed to the Dalai Lama and the exile administration and whose criticisms were demoralizing Tibetans inside Tibet. Former kalon-tripa Professor Samdong Rinpoche RFA’s editorial independence continued to annoy the exile government, and during his entire tenure prime-minister Samdong Rinpoche refused to grant RFA any interviews or meetings, and instructed cabinet ministers and secretaries to do the same. He also conducted a low-profile but relentless crusade against RFA for allowing those “opposed” to the Tibetan government opportunities to express their views on its program. Then last year the President of RFA, Libby Liu and her right-hand man, Tibetan staff member, Kalden Lodoe made a number of official trips to Dharamshala and elsewhere to meet with exile officials and the prime-minister Lobsang Sangye. One informant told me that in these discussions direct references were made to TYC leaders and rangzen activists like myself who disagreed with the Dalai Lama’s Middle Way policy. RFA staff Kalden Lodoe Kalden Lodoe appears to be Dharamshala’s point man at RFA and is someone who has consistently and aggressively opposed all independence activists. He was rewarded by Samdong Rinpoche who, making an exception to his “boycott RFA” rule, appeared as a guest on his show. We can probably assume that Kalden treated his VIP guest with due deference and respect. RFA listeners have told me though that Kalden can be very confrontational with his guests particularly if they happen to be TYC or SFT leaders, in which case he bullies them, Sean Hannity fashion, for organizing demonstrations and protests against the PRC, which he claims are against the wishes of the Dalai Lama. In July 2011 at the Kalachakra Initiation given by the Dalai Lama at Washington DC, Kalden Lodoe, the chief organizer, had security personnel remove TYC president Tsewang Rigzin from the premises. I personally had a run in with this somewhat aggressive ex-monk in the Fall of 2001 when I made a presentation to the Tibetan Community in Washington DC on why we should not give up our struggle for independence. During the Q & A Kalden Lodoe insisted that there was inherently no difference between the Dalai Lama’s Middle Way and the goal of Tibetan independence and that I was creating dissension in exile society and showing disloyalty to His Holiness with my lectures and writing. Special Envoy Lodi Gyari Then in December last year, Lodi Gyari, the Dalai Lama’s special envoy and Executive Chairman of the International Campaign for Tibet (ICT) insisted on an exclusive speaking opportunity at the Sunday Political Talk Show. Asserting the prestige of his position as the Dalai Lama’s envoy, he brushed aside the host, Karma Zurkhang’s attempts to moderate the talk, and went on a one hour tirade against “those Tibetans opposed to the Dalai Lama and the exile administration. He did not name me by name but listeners told me that I was definitely one of those he was inveighing against. Gyari’s harangue was fairly generic, as such things go in exile Tibetan politics, but a couple of weeks earlier I had appeared on this same Sunday Talk Show where I remarked on a dishonest statement he had made, which might have contributed to its timing. CTA “Sikyong” Lobsang Sangay met Libby Liu a number of times and it appears that he was successful in “charming her” and convincing her that RFA Tibetan section under Jigme Ngabo was opposed to the Dalai Lama’s Middle Way policy and that listeners inside Tibet were being disheartened by such RFA programs. It also appears that in June of this year Lobsang Sangay, Libby Liu and Lobsang Nyandak, the representative of the Dalai Lama in New York, met in London and had discussions about the need to restructure RFA’s Tibetan service and to replace Jigme Ngabo. I probably spoke on one more program and then got the news that the Sunday Talk Show hosted by Karma Zurkhang had been cancelled altogether. This had been effectively done in April this year, without the knowledge of Jigme Ngabo, who was on official leave to visit his ailing mother. My other program of discussing world literary figures and political thinkers was also cancelled. I did not receive any notification, official or otherwise, of this termination. RFA president Libby Liu Then on the morning of 5th November, RFA president Libby Liu, precipitously fired Jigme Ngabo in humiliating circumstances. He was escorted out of his office by Security personnel. Liu then summoned staff members of the Tibetan Service for a meeting and after giving them all a stern dressing down, announced that Jigme Ngabo was dismissed. One of the staff members asked the reason for the dismissal but was told that it was “personal” and not any of their business. This came as a big shock to the Tibetans at RFA who liked and trusted Jigme Ngabo, and appreciated his respect for their professional integrity and independence. Of the forty-one staff members, two were on leave, but everyone else immediately signed a letter of support for Jigme urging that he be reinstated as director. The only staff member who did not sign was Kalden Lodoe. A few days after Jigme Ngabo’s dismissal the representative of the Dalai Lama in New York, Lobsang Nyandak visited Washington DC in order, it seems, to thwart any effort by RFA staff to organize support for Jigme’s reinstatement. Nyandak summoned all Tibetan RFA personnel for a meeting at the ICT office premises. Only a few attended. He told them that the exile administration was not behind the dismissal but that it did not take an unfavorable view of what had happened. He pointed out that Jigme Ngabo had made many mistakes and had allowed people opposed to the exile administration to express misleading opinions. Sikyong Lobsang Sangye and Lobsang Nyandak, representative of His Holiness the Dalai Lama in New York, . One of the first to respond to this scandal was the poet Tsering Woeser who posted a blog which condemned Ngabo Jigme’s dismissal and pointed out how the whole incident had reminded her of her own dismissal from a media organization under Chinese Communist Party control. But she noted that the “Han Chinese official” who dismissed her at least told her “quite gently” the reasons why she was being dismissed, unlike what had happened to Jigme Ngabo. Woeser concluded that “… comparatively speaking the Chinese Communist Party officials were more frank and honest” than their American counter parts at RFA. This was followed by a press release and two letters to CTA from US Congressman Dana Rohrabacher, who stated: “I have reason to believe that he (Jigme Ngabo) was terminated for political reasons … 73 Tibetans have self-immolated since March 2011, Rep. Rohrabacher said, “It could not be clearer; the people of Tibet are dying for freedom and independence. RFA needs to continue to be the source for accurate information. Any suggestion of political censorship within RFA must be fully investigated.” Perhaps on one level Jigme Ngabo’s dismissal may probably be nothing more than another deplorable, if all too frequent example of Dharamshala’s compulsive tendency to control media outlets and support groups in the exile world, and marginalize those who do not fall in line with it policies. In the last year or two this trend has markedly increased as noted in the editorial of the Tibetan Political Review “Are the Speaker and Kalon Tripa stifling free speech?” and articles in other publications, a noteworthy one being “Censorship and the struggle for Tibetan freedom” by Tenzin Nyinjey. But when we examine exactly what kind of speech or opinion Dharamshala has been attempting to stifle, one overall pattern keeps appearing. CTA’s efforts have essentially targeted those individuals and organizations like the TYC who spoke up for Tibetan independence and who were active in challenging Beijing on this issue. This year Dharamshala went into overdrive with Sikyong Lobsang Sangay and speaker Pempa Tsering, whipping up public anger against the TYC for “hurting” the Dalai Lama, and religious-right groups began calling for the TYC to be shut down and its leaders to be attacked and beaten. It is an article of faith with the CTA that if somehow all independence activism and discussion were halted or contained, then Beijing would agree to the “genuine autonomy” solution proposed in the Dalai Lama’s Middle Way policy; or would, at least, resume the negotiations it terminated two year ago. This is so unshakable a belief, that I think it may not be entirely based on wishful thinking. Some time or the other Beijing must have made an actual proposition to the CTA. Of course Beijing was playing them, like a fiddle or húqín to be precise, but Dharamshala’s predilection for a kind of self-serving naiveté in such matters is well known. And its not that something like this hasn’t happened before. There is evidence that in 2002, Beijing had actually reached out to Dharamshala with the promise of further “negotiations” to ensure that the last state visit of then president Jiang Zemin to the USA was not disrupted. Tibetan prime minister Samdhong Rinpoche sent strict instructions to all Tibetans and support groups not to stage protests. But a few did all the same. When Tibetans and supporters in Vancouver staged an anti-Chinese rally, an official from the Chinese consulate in Vancouver came over to the protesters and scolded them saying, “didn’t your leaders tell you not to demonstrate.” At subsequent demonstrations in New York City activists were accosted by an official (of Tibetan origin) from the Chinese consulate in New York who yelled at them in Tibetan: “You are not supposed to do this. Didn’t your government (shung) tell you not to protest.” Right now there is mounting concern in senior echelons of the Chinese Communist Party at the unending series of immolations in Tibet, which are causing unprecedented demonstrations and protests in such areas as Tsolho and Rebkong. China has thus far relied completely on large-scale, almost saturation, deployment of security personnel throughout Tibet to contain the immolations but it is beginning to realize that such measures are useless against a determined individual immolator, operating outside of any organized group. There is also growing awareness in the leadership that the immolations and the rising resentment within the entire Tibetan population could lead to serious destabilization of the entire Tibetan plateau, which could spill over into neighboring areas with unforeseeable results. So it would not be unreasonable to assume that Beijing wants Dharamshala to stop this, or at least stop the “splittist” messaging from exile, particularly from RFA broadcasts, which it firmly believes is fueling the immolations and protests within Tibet. Dharamshala in turn probably shares Beijing’s concerns as the Tibetan Political Review editorial pointed out “The self-immolation crisis in Tibet and the resignations of the Tibetan Envoys have placed extreme pressure on the TGIE leadership’s signature Middle Way policy.” CCP official Xiao Wunan and H.H. Gyalwang Karmapa in Dharamshala In August 16 this year, Xiao Wunan, a senior CCP cadre and United Front leader, (the same department that had conducted the negotiations with the exile administration) visited India and was received in Dharamshala by the Dalai Lama, Lobsang Sangay, then ‘Kalon Tripa’ (prime minister). An Indian researcher Jayadeva Ranade (a former senior government official) in an article “A concerned dragon: China’s fresh overture to Tibetans” wrote that Xiao Wunan probably carried a personal message from a senior Chinese leader, possibly Xi Jinping. Ranade wrote that “He could have informed the Dalai Lama that he was welcome to spend his last days in Beijing provided he gave up ‘anti-China’ activities and expressed support for the Communist regime.” The article also notes “Coincidentally, within a month of the meeting the designation of the Head of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) was changed from ‘Kalon Tripa’ (or prime minister) to the less controversial — from Beijing’s perspective —’Sikyong’ (or political leader).” Ranade is speculating but his dots all somehow connect very nicely. What is not speculation is that New Delhi was not happy at CTA’s decision to meet Xiao Wunan, especially his meeting with the Karmapa. Incidently the young lama took offense at the tenor of Xiao’s questions and abruptly terminated the meeting. Before moving on from Ranade’s interesting theories, I should point out that I believe Beijing has probably reached out much earlier to Dharamshala on this issue. You don’t need to organize a dog and pony show like the Xiao Wuhan visit, in order to make whatever connections you need to get the deal done – and do it discreetly. I have long maintained that China has for many years now manipulated Tibetan policy making within the CTA. I pointed out in an article in 1989 in the Tibetan Review how China has used certain politicians and individuals in the West as unconscious “agents of influence” to persuade the Dalai Lama to give up the struggle for Tibetan freedom and accept Tibet as a part of China. I named names, provided details, and even reissued the piece in a book of essays, but have not received any sort of denial or repudiation to date. Disdainful silence is the usual Dharamshala response to such indictments so I was intrigued at Sikyong Lobsang Sangay’s prompt letter denying any involvement in Jigme Ngabo’s dismissal. Of course when the charges are being made by a sitting US Congressman and could affect the funding that CTA receives from the American government a prompt denial is probably wise, but I think much more needs to done to remedy the situation and restore confidence all around. With such devastating but momentous events unfolding inside Tibet, the conspiracy to emasculate RFA could not have come at a worse time. It goes without saying that Jigme Ngabo needs to be reinstated immediately and everyone in the Tibetan Language section should resume their vital duties without delay. To reassure our American friends and supporters, the exile Tibetan parliament should set up a high-powered parliamentary committee to thoroughly investigate this issue. Of course the make-up of the committee would have to entirely non-partisan, hence the speaker Pempa Tsering should be excluded for starters. Such a response would not only go over well with American lawmakers but also contribute to the development of our own democratic process. I appeal to all readers to write directly to their chithue representatives and also send emails to Tibetan newspapers, journals and websites, calling for such an investigative committee. If the CTA and the exile parliament do nothing then Tibetans in the USA need to write to their representatives in Congress calling on them to ensure that the US Congress’s noble and successful experiment to provide the Tibetan freedom struggle a powerful and independent voice, is not hijacked and perverted to serve as a covert propaganda outpost for the Ministry of Truth in Beijing